Lisa Marie Cannon on different types surgeries involved with colorectal surgery
Colorectal surgery repairs damage to the rectum, colon, and anus through a multiplicity of procedures that may have little or great long-term outcome to the patient. It may also entail surgery to the pelvic floor to fix hernias. Colorectal surgery is carried out to repair damage to the rectum, colon and anus, caused by ailments of the lower digestive tract, such as diverticulitis, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis). Obstruction, injury, and ischemia (compromised blood supply) may necessitate bowel surgery. Scar tissue and masses can grow within the rectum, causing obstructions that prevent normal eradication of feces. Other diseases such as ulcerative colitis and diverticulitis can cause perforations in the rectum. Surgical amputation of the damaged area or areas can return normal bowel function.
Dr. Lisa Marie Cannon MD is a colon and rectal surgery doctor in Chicago, Illinois and is associated with University of Chicago Medical Center.
Colorectal surgery is an essential treatment option for ulcerative colitis, colorectal cancer, Crohn’s disease, and some cases of diverticulitis, often ensuing in foremost reconstruction of the intestinal tract. Other bowel circumstances that may require surgery to a lesser extent are rectal prolapse, hemorrhoids, bowel incontinence and anal fissures (tears in the lining of the anus). Most of these surgeries remove blockages, repair tears, or constrict sphincter muscles. For example, patients with anal fissures experience immediate relief, with more than 90% of them never having the problem persist. Some colorectal surgeons also treat pelvic floor problems such as rectocele (a bulging of the rectum toward the vagina) and perineal hernia.
Types of surgery
According to Lisa Marie Cannon MD, there are a diversity of procedures a colorectal surgeon may use to treat intestinal ailments. All colorectal surgery was performed by making large incisions in the abdomen until 1990, opening up the intestinal void, and making the repair. Most of these repairs concerned resection (cutting out the damaged or diseased portion) and anastomosis (attaching the cut ends of the intestine collectively). Some were inserted to repair fissures or tighten sphincter muscles, and others cut out hemorrhoids. Some colorectal surgeons execute a strictureplasty, a new process that extends the intestine instead of making it shorter; this is used with patients with widespread Crohn’s disease.
Often colorectal surgery entails creating an ostomy, which is an opening from the inside of the body to the outside, generally to remove body wastes (urine or feces). There are numerous types of ostomy surgeries that colorectal surgeons do. A colostomy is a surgical procedure that brings a segment of the large intestine through the abdominal wall, creating a stoma or an opening, to carry feces out of the body to a pouch. An ileostomy removes the rectum, the complete colon, and the anus. The lower end of the small intestine (the ileum) becomes the stoma.
Laparoscopic surgery is being done for many diseases of the intestinal tract, together with initial cancers. The colon and rectal surgeon inserts a laparoscope for this surgery (an instrument that has a tiny video camera attached) through a small opening in the abdomen. This surgery often results in a shorter stay in the hospital, fewer complications, a quicker return to normal activities, less postoperative pain, and less scarring. It is not suggested for patients who have had prior abdominal surgery, previous cancer, large tumors, or serious heart problems.